Freelance writers have the joy of working their own schedules in their own way. But the ability to work odd hours and in our PJs also means we don’t have a supply cabinet stocked by someone else like we might have in a corporate job. Nor do we have an IT department. We have to buy our own printer ink, paper, envelopes, paper and pencils. When the computer gets wonky we have to haul it to someone for repair or have someone come to our home office to fix it. have to buy our own pens, pencils, paper, provide our own health insurance, buy the software, and get the computer fixed. We’re also on the hook for our own software, and our own benefits like health insurance, vacation time, etc.
Sometimes we can actually bill a client for some expenses; most times, however, all these expenses have to be included in our fees.
Thinking About Writing Expenses
Most of your costs of doing business belong solely to you. You can’t, for example, expect to be reimbursed directly for your computer, printer, basic phone charges, paper and the other items and services you need just to be in business. Nor will you get reimbursed for things like health insurance costs or housing costs. You do need to track those costs for your own records, and you need to factor them into your pricing, but you won’t get paid back directly for them. Some of these, like a home office, may result in a tax deduction, but that’s another issue entirely.
It’s the unusual costs of getting a particular piece writing done that you may be able to bill the client for.
For example, if you know getting an important interview is going to involve lots of long distance calls and maybe even a trip, you may be able to ask for reimbursement in addition to the fees you charge. Travel costs are the most likely expenses a freelance writer will charge a client, but they aren’t the only ones.
Some expenses you may want to bill for, particularly if you can get an override on them. I insist the people I ghostwrite for be responsible for proof reading the final manuscript. If the client asks for a recommendation, I’ll sometimes hire the copy editor myself and pay them a bit less than I’m charging, creating another avenue of profit for me.
Spell Out Billable Expenses In Your Contract
Whether or not you can bill for expenses largely depends on the agreement you’ve got with the person or company you’re writing for. Don’t make any assumptions. If you’re going to bill for photos or transcription or editing or travel expenses, spell it out. Make sure you and your client also agree on how and when you will be paid for expenses you invoice.
Here are some general guidelines that may be helpful:
Expenses and Magazine Publishing
Never assume a magazine will pay your expenses. For the most part, they expect that the fee they pay you for the article covers your costs. A few state in their market listings that they will pay the expenses of writers on assignment – but if you’re writing on spec, you probably won’t get reimbursed, even if they accept the article. In other words, reimbursement must be negotiated up front. Typically, such costs may include long distance telephone charges, travel expenses, film, etc.
Expenses and Book Publishing
Again, never assume a publisher will pay your expenses. In fact, most book contracts spell out that they won’t pay expenses. Like everything else in a book contract, this may be negotiable. If the book, for example, has lots of color pictures, you might be able to get reimbursed for film or, in this day an age, the photo card; if travel is required to write the book, all or some of the costs may be reimbursable. Or, you may be able to negotiate a larger advance against royalties and/or a higher royalty rate.
If the book requires special equipment or software, the publisher will probably be able to provide that for you or make it possible for you to acquire it from the manufacturer or developer at no cost.
Expenses and Writing for Others
When you’re writing for a corporation, business or an individual, your ability to get reimbursed totally depends on what you ask for in the beginning. Large corporations are the most likely to be willing, and to be set up, to reimburse you for certain expenses. Some will actually assume you will bill them for your expenses, but be sure you know exactly what expenses how they want the bills presented.
Smaller businesses and individuals may be surprised if you ask about reimbursement – it just doesn’t occur to them. It may make better sense to increase your fee rather than ask to have expenses paid.
The only way to be certain you’ll get reimbursed is to ask up front. Make sure you get the agreement in writing. It doesn’t have to be complicated or even a formal contract – a memo from the person or business will do. You also need to find out how they want your bill submitted, and when to expect payment.
Like so many things, the devil is in the details.